What Are The Largest And Smallest Trees In The World?

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Anonymous Profile
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The largest tree in the world is the Giant Sequoia, sometimes known as a Sequoiadendron Giganteum.. It is a coniferous tree and grows naturally in California, in the Sierra Nevada mountains.
The Giant Sequoia is the world's largest tree when it comes to volume as they grow to an enormous 85 metres, which is 279 feet! There have been  Giant Sequoias that have exceeded these measurements though, and on record, a  Giant Sequoia grew to a massive 311 feet and a tremendous 17 metres in diameter.
The  Giant Sequoia is an ever green tree that grows seed cones, and these cones measure around four to seven centimetres and take around 20 months to fully mature before they fall from the branches.
The  Giant Sequoia grows from seed alone, and trees that are approximately 20 years old often sprout from their stumps. From about their 12th year, Giant Sequoia start to produce those large cones.
The smallest tree in the world is the Dwarf Willow, also known as the Least Willow.
This tiny but withstanding little tree is adapted to surviving Arctic weather and can be found across the world, across the North Atlantic, Arctic Northwest Asia, parts of Europe, Greenland, Canada, and the Pyranees, the Alps and the Appalachian Mountains in the US.
It is one of the smallest plants in the world and stands between one centimetre and six centimetres and has leaves that measure around one centimetre long and leaves are mostly green, although, this can vary depending on the tree's gender, as female plants often sport reddy coloured leaves.
It also prefers to grow in extremely high altitudes compared to other plants and likes woody, stony grounds instead of rich, grass bound surfaces and is known as what is referred to as a 'creeping shrub'.
Steve Theunissen Profile
Among tall trees, Australia's eucalyptus stands high. A century ago one was reported to measure 433 feet (132 meters) to the point where its top had been broken off. Though there is doubt today about the accuracy of this measurement, there is no question that Australia's eucalypti are among the tallest trees in the world.

The tallest presently living trees are thought to be the coast redwoods (Sequoia sermpervirens) that grow to exceptional heights in the fog-shrouded valleys of the northern California coast. Shadowy fluted columns of these graceful trees rise perfectly straight for as much as 200 feet (60 meters) before the first lateral branches reach out to form a high green vault over the forest's peaceful floor. The tallest known redwood, discovered as recently as 1963, rises to a height of 366 feet (112 meters).

In striking contrast are nearby pygmy forests, where a grown man can bend down to touch the tops of trees that were growing before he was born. While visiting the towering redwood groves, you can stop at the pygmy forest in Russian Gulch State Park, about 120 miles (193 kilometers) north of San Francisco. There the soil has stunted tree growth to such an extent that fifteen-year-old pine and cypress trees are only six to ten inches (15 to 5 centimeters) high. Trees thought to be a century old are less than the height of a man. The world's largest (though not tallest) trees are found about 120 miles (193 kilometers) inland, located in the Sierra Nevada Mountains of California.

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