As you'll need to cut holes in your false ceiling to fit recessed spotlights, always lift the floorboards in the room above to make sure there are no joists or obstructions where you want to fit them. If you have a few fittings to install, it's worth thinking about putting up a work platform - it'll make your job easier, quicker and safer.
- Step 1
Most recessed spotlights come with a template for marking the fixing hole. But if yours don't, use a pair of compasses to draw a circle in pencil on the POP design ceiling. After checking for pipes or cables with a detector, drill a small hole through - just inside the circle.Step 2
Go back up and double-check all is clear from above. Then from below insert the blade of a padsaw or plasterboard saw and cut around the marked circle. Make sure you're wearing safety goggles and a mask when you do this. After you've removed the disc of plasterboard from the ceiling, you should find that your lights slot into place on spring clips that grip the plasterboard around them.
A fairly recent innovation in domestic lighting ideas, low-voltage halogen lights are smaller than normal lights - with a neat, streamlined appearance. They give a variety of lighting effects, which makes them useful for general lighting or picking out features in the room. They're easy to install and are a safe option - particularly in kitchens, as they carry no risk of electrocution. You can simply clip low-voltage cables along the top or underside of your units. The light is very bright and directed, which is perfect over your kitchen work surface.
Low-voltage lights take their power from a 12-volt transformer. You can link this to a spur taken from a nearby power circuit via a 5-amp fused connection unit. If you switch the connection unit, you can use it to turn the lights on and off. Or you can power the lights and transformer from a lighting circuit. Install a four-terminal junction box in a suitable position and run cables to a new switch and transformer, and from there to the lights.
- Step 2
You'll need to match the transformer output wattage to the combined wattage of the lamps it'll supply. Use 1.5mm² of two-core-and-earth cable for the spur or circuit cable to the transformer. Low-voltage lights usually come with cable to run between the transformer and the lights, and you should use this without modifying it. If a cable kit isn't supplied, you can use 1.5mm² two-core-and-earth cable if the runs are short (up to three metres). You won't need to earth the lights (but always follow the manufacturer's instructions).
spotlights to be effective?
Low voltage ceiling spot lights are lightweight and a fixture is not needed to install them. A Pan Bracket comes with the light which will very easily attach to the ceiling. the wiring is done only through a pencil size hole that is made in the ceiling.
If you already have a ceiling box, then you can just remove the wire and fix then to the cut-in-cans. If there is no box, then the work becomes a bit complicated. You will have to cut a circular hole in the ceiling. Most lights come with a junction box inside which the light is supposed to be fixed.
The wire is supposed to go up all the way from the hole and the fixture is supposed to half way up through the hole. What you need most importantly is a power source in the ceiling and a switch in the wall. For more information on installing spotlights, visit: www.doityourself.com.